For an understanding of the basics of musical notation and to help the student to read a music score, here are seven subjects which are essential information to achieve this:
Music scale is an organized sequence of notes.
For example: C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C… repeating this cycle.
This scale started with the C note and goes following a defined sequence of intervals until the return to the C note again.
This sequence of distance was, tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone, tone, semitone… repeating the cycle. This scale is called Major Scale.
We could use this same sequence (major scale) starting with another note besides C, for example, G. The scale would be G, A, B, C, D, E, F#, G… We will show the major scales of the basic 7 notes:
To the other scales, we have other sequences to be followed (other intervals).
“A Melodic Minor scale”, for example, is formed by the following sequence: tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone. You can repeat this cycle on any note.